Codex 44.A.8 Gloss of Johannes Liechtenauer

In order to more easily correlate different glosses, we are using the "Recital on the Chivalric Art of Fencing" as translated by Christian Henry Tobler. Other translations may use slightly different wording or a different numbering scheme.

Translation of Pseudo-Peter von Danzig (from Cod.44.A.8) by Cory Winslow

Danzing Compilation


This is the Prologue

No Gloss

This is a general teaching of the long sword

Verse 9 "If you want to behold the art..."
Verse 11 "He who follows the strokes..."
Verse 12 "Strike close whatever you will..."
Verse 15 "Listen to what is wrong..."
Verse 17 "Before and After, these two things..."
Verse 21 "Learn five strokes..."

This is the text

Verse 23 "Wrath Stroke, Crooked, Thwart..."

The Wrath Stroke

Verse 27 "Who strikes at you above..."
Verse 28 "If he becomes aware of it..."
Verse 28 Passage 21 "Item: When you wish to make the wrath-cut, you must strike..."
Verse 28 Passage 23 "Break against the taking off above"
Verse 28 Passage 24 "Item: A counter against the taking away."
Verse 28 Passage 25 "Item: Another Simultaneous counter."
Verse 28 Passage 26 "Another"
Verse 29 "Be strong against it..."
Verse 29 Passage 29 "Another"
Verse 30 "Note this..."
Verse 32 "Who to the War tends..."
Verse 33 "In all winding..."

The Four Openings

Verse 36 "Four openings know..."

To Counter the Four Openings

Verse 38 "If you want to avenge yourself..."
Verse 38.38 "Here mark how you shall drive the Doubling to both sides"
Verse 38 Passage 39 "Another"
Verse 38 Passage 40 "Here mark how one shall drive the Mutating to both sides"
Verse 38 Passage 41 "Another"

The Crooked Stroke

Verse 42 "Crooked on him with nimbleness..."
Verse 42 Passage 43 "Another"
Verse 42 Passage 44 "Of the Barrier-Guard"
Verse 44 "Strike crooked to the flats..."
Verse 46 "Don't do the Crooked, strike short..."
Verse 47 "Strike crooked to who irritates you..."

The Thwart Stroke

Verse 49 "The Thwart Stroke takes..."
Verse 49 Passage 51 "Item. When he preempts with a High-cut, then step with"
Verse 49 Passage 52 "Here mark the break against the Thwart Hew"
Verse 49 Passage 53 "Note"
Verse 49 Passage 54 "Item. A break against a low Thwart-hew."
Verse 49 Passage 55 "Item. When you are bound with a free High-cut and are"
Verse 49 Passage 56 "Here mark the break against the Upper-slice on the arm"
Verse 49 Passage 58 "Mark, break him thus against the Doubling: when you"
Verse 50 "Thwart with the strong..."
Verse 50 Passage 61 "Another"
Verse 50 Passage 62 "Thus break that"
Verse 50 Passage 63 "Item. If he takes you by the neck from the right side, then "
Verse 50 Passage 64 "Item. When you wish to execute the Thwart-hew to his left"

Verse 51 "Thwart to the Plow..."
Verse 51 Passage 66 "Mark, thus strike the Thwart strike to the Four Openings"
Verse 51 Passage 68 "Here mark a break against the lower Thwart strike"
Verse 53 "Whoever conducts the Failer..."
Verse 53 Passage 70 "Another"
Verse 54 "The Reverser enforces the..."
Verse 56 "Double the Failer..."

The Squinting Stroke

Verse 58 "The Squinter breaks into..."
Verse 58 Passage 77 "Here mark how one shall do the Squinter-hew"
Verse 58 Passage 78 "Another"
Verse 60 "Squint when he is short against you..."
Verse 60 Passage 80 "Item. Another precept."
Verse 61 "Squint to the point..."
Verse 62 "Squint to the head above..."

The Scalp Cut

Verse 63 "The Scalper..."
Verse 64 "with its turn..."
Verse 66 "Slice through the Crown..."

The Four Guards

Verse 68 "Four guards alone hold..."

The Four Oppositions

Verse 70 "Four are the oppositions..."
Verse 70 Passage 93 "Mark, the first hew is the Crooked-hew that breaks the guard that is called the Ox."
Verse 70 Passage 94 "Mark, the second hew, that is the Thwart hew that breaks the guard From the Day."
Verse 70 Passage 95 "Mark, the third hew, that is the Squinter that breaks the guard that is called the Plow."
Verse 70 Passage 96 "Mark, the fourth hew, that is the Parter that breaks the guard that is called the Fool."
Verse 71 "Beware of parrying..."
Verse 72 "If you are parried..."
Verse 72 Passage 100 "Item another"
Verse 74 "Set upon the four ends..."


Verse 75 "Learn the chasing..."
Verse 75 Passage 109 "Drive the Travelling-after thus"
Verse 75 Passage 110 "This technique described hereafter is called the Outside Manner"
Verse 75 Passage 111 "Item. Another technique"
Verse 75 Passage 112 "Here mark a good Travelling-after on the sword from Lower-hewing"
Verse 75 Passage 113 "Another
Verse 78 "Learn the feeling..."
Verse 78 Passage 115 "Here mark the lesson of the Feeling and of the word that is called Meanwhile"
Verse 78 Passage 116 "Here you shall mark"
Verse 79 "Chase twice..."


Verse 80 "Who wants to strike below..."

Setting Aside

Verse 83 "Learn to set aside..."
Verse 83 Passage 121 "Another technique"
Verse 83 Passage 122 "Item. You may also execute the Set-off from High-cuts and"
Verse 83 Passage 123 "Item. If you then position yourself in the Changing-hew,"

Changing Through

Verse 86 "Learn the changing through..."
Verse 86 Passage 125 "Drive the Changing-through thus"
Verse 86 Passage 126 "Another Changing-through"
Verse 86 Passage 127 "That even mark…"


Verse 88 "Step close in binding..."
Verse 88 Passage 130 "Mark another Pulling"

Running Through

Verse 91 "Run through, let hang..."
Verse 91 Passage 132 "The Running-through, drive the first of that thus"
Verse 91 Passage 133 "Yet another body wrestling"
Verse 91 Passage 134 "Yet another body wrestling"
Verse 91 Passage 135 "Yet another body wrestling"
Verse 91 Passage 137 "Here mark now the arm wrestling with the sword"
Verse 91 Passage 138 "Or if you will not strike, then spring with the right foot"
Verse 91 Passage 139 "Yet an arm wrestling"
Verse 91 Passage 140 "Yet an arm wrestling"
Verse 91 Passage 141 "Here mark a sword taking"
Verse 91 Passage 142 "Yet another sword taking"

Slicing Off

Verse 93 "Slice off the hard ones..."
Verse 93 Passage 144 "Yet another"
Verse 94 "Four are the slices..."
Verse 94 Passage 146 "Break that thus"
Verse 94 Passage 147 "Mark that the two Lower-slices pertain to driving"
Verse 94 Passage 148 "Or if he runs with out-stretched arms to your right side"

Pressing Hands

Verse 95 "Turn your edge..."

Two Hangings

Verse 96 "There are two hangings..."
Verse 96 Passage 153 "Item. Also note the Hanging thusly: When you approach"

The Speaking Window

Verse 98 "Do the Speaking Window..."
Verse 98 Passage 155 "Position yourself thus in the Speaking-Window"
Verse 98 Passage 158 "This is another stance and is also called the Speaking-Window."

This is the Conclusion of the Epitome

Verse 102 "Who conducts well and breaks properly..."
Verse 102 Passage 160 "These are the first two Windings from the Ox on the right side alone"
Verse 102 Passage 161 "Mark, if he parries the stab with strength and forces your sword on the side"
Verse 102 Passage 162 "Here mark, these are the two other Windings from the Ox on the left side. Drive them thus"
Verse 102 Passage 163 "Mark, if he parries the stab and presses your sword to the side"
Verse 102 Passage 164 "Now you shall know that the Plow on both sides are the two lower hangings."

TODO - Match verses and passages for Shortsword, and Horseback


Verse 1 "Direct your spear..."
Verse 2 "If it drops..."
Verse 3 "Strike in, don’t pull..."
Verse 4 "Grasp to his right..."
Verse 5 "The fighting of lance-thrusting..."
Verse 6 "If it changes..."
Verse 7 "Truly seize the strong..."
Verse 8 "And remember: learn well to strongly defend..."
Verse 9 "plant upon without danger..."
Verse 10 "If you want to calmly..."
Verse 11 "Whoever now defends that..."
Verse 12 "If he defends against this further..."
Verse 13 "Be mindful of the openings..."
Verse 14 "Learn two strokes..."
Verse 15 "The Sheep Grip fends off..."
Verse 16 "While under the eyes..."
Verse 17 "Who attacks you..."
Verse 18 "Hanging to the ground..."
Verse 19 "To both sides..."
Verse 20 "If you want to ride..."
Verse 21 "Defend strongly..."
Verse 22 "Who defends against that..."
Verse 23 "Or turn around..."
Verse 24 "With all skill..."
Verse 25 "If you have charged past him..."
Verse 26 "Follow his sword upwards..."
Verse 27 "If one charges on the right..."
Verse 28 "With the arm catch..."
Verse 29 "The messer take..."
Verse 30 "The Unnamed..."
Verse 31 "Their strike, their thrust..."
Verse 32 "If you want to grasp..."
Verse 33 "The Sun Pointer..."
Verse 34 "touch the forehead..."
Verse 35 "So that he sways..."
Verse 36 "Who attacks you with that..."
Verse 37 "Press the arm to the head..."
Verse 38 "If you want to retain yourself..."
Verse 39 "without wrestling..."
Verse 40 "The Before Grip remember..."

Shortsword or Half-swording

Verse 1 "Who dismounts..."
Verse 2 "This do with the spear..."
Verse 3 "Spear and point..."
Verse 4 "Spring, wind set truly upon..."
Verse 5 "If you want to thrust before..."
Verse 6 "Note if he wants to pull back..."
Verse 7 "Then approach him..."

This is the wrestling in dueling

Verse 8 "If you want to wrestle..."
Verse 9 "A bar shoot forth..."
Verse 10 "From both sides..."
Verse 11 "If it happens that..."
Verse 12 "Then behold the thrusts..."
Verse 13 "Strike long with the left hand..."
Verse 14 "If he wants to draw..."
Verse 15 "So that his openings..."
Verse 16 "Leather and gauntlets..."
Verse 17 "The forbidden wrestling..."
Verse 18 "To lock your foe..."
Verse 19 "In all teachings..."
Verse 20 "When one sees that from the scabbard..."
Verse 21 "Then shall one strengthen..."
Verse 22 "Before and After, these two things..."
Verse 23 "Follow in all meetings..."
Verse 24 "If he defends, then pull..."
Verse 25 "If he fights extended..."
Verse 26 "If he also attacks strongly..."
Verse 27 "With his battering point..."
Verse 28 "With both hands..."
Verse 29 "The forward foot..."